Tilos Island Information


Livadia village and main Tilos port

Getting There:
Sea Star, the Tilos owned Catamaran, connects Tilos - Nisiros and Rhodes daily during the spring - summer season. The boat stops during the winter bad weather season.
Tel: 0030 22460 77048.

Proteus
, a new boat by ANES company is also connecting Kos, Nisiros, Tilos, Simi, Rhodes, Kalimnos not daily though, but it is a large ferry car passenger boat that travels earlier in season also.
Tel: 0030 22410 37769 or www.anes.gr where you can book ONLINE.

Other large ferries also pass through Tilos and other islands connecting them to Piraeus port all year long.

Livadia view from the ferryAbout Tilos Island

Tilos part of the Dodecanes Islands, with a carefree lifestyle of its residents is one of the few dodecanese islands that retain most of their character. Tourism has not impacted very much the island compared to other islands of the area, so the visitor will enjoy a more relaxed and quiet holiday.

It lies 65 km west of Rhodes Island. Tilos has many and very good beaches, free of crowds. It has many walks at scenic walkways, rocky inlets and high cliffs and mountains, valleys of walntut, almont and cypress trees...

Tilos Island Map

History
With population of about 500 residents, the history of Tilos goes back a long way, starting with the recently discovery of rare skeletons of elephants with unusually small size (extinct arround 4600BC), in Herkadio cave. Exhibits are shown at the elephant museum in Livadia.
In Mythology, Telos was the sun of Helios (sun) and Halia, the sister of the Telchines. Telos went to the island in search of herbs to heal Halia (his mother), and later returned to found a temple to Apollo and Neptune.
Tilos was alson known as Agathoussa, in the middle ages was known by the italians as Episkopi (Pisconia).

Agios Antonios village at Plagio bayPlaka bay

Neolithic period: Pottery and stone tools were discovered in Kharkhadio which indicate uman activity on Tilos in the early neolithic period (8000-7000 BC) along with the large assembly of dwarf (1.2-1.5m tall) elephant bones, carbon dated at 4000-7000 years before present.

Monastery at the heart of the mountains where fresh spring water pours from the rockBronze age: Excavations have identified Pelasgian masonry, as well as suggesting Tilos was successively dominated by Minoans, Mycenaeans and Dorians.

Classical period: The island flourished during the classical era, minting its own coinage and being famed for clothing and perfumes. In the 7th century BC, colonists from Tilos and Lindos (in Rhodes island) settled in Sicily and founded the city of Gelas. Herodotus (484 BC - 425 BC) described the centuries preceding him as the golden age of Tilos. In the 5th century BC, Tilos was a member of the first Delian League and kept its independence until the end of the Peloponnesian War. The island was conquered by the Romans in 42 BC. Archaeological finds from Roman and early - Christian times demonstrate the prosperity of the island until the great earthquake of 551 AD.

Byzantine Tilos followed Rhodes into the Byzantine Empire following the death of Theodosius I and was a member of the naval Theme of Samos between the 9th and 14th centuries .

Crusaders The Knights of St John took control of Tilos from 1309 , restoring the Byzantine castles, and building new ones in order to defend against pirate raids, until 1522 when Rhodes fell to Suleiman I .

Abandoned village Mikro Horio
Ottoman
In 1523 , Tilos was occupied by the Ottoman Empire and the island was put under the privileged administrative and tax system known as " maktou ". Christian pirates, under the pretext of revenge the against the Turks , pillaged the island constantly.

20th Century
The Ottoman rule lasted until 1912 , when the island was ceded to Italy . In 1943 it was invaded by German troops and in 1948 , Tilos united with Greece , as did all the Dodecanese islands. Since 1948, the population of the island has declined rapidly, as many Tilians migrated to America or Australia .

 

Megalo Horio - Main tilos villageEristos Beach


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